Pay for conservators varies depending on experience, the type of organisation they work for, and whether they work full time.
Full-time conservators usually start on $55,000 a year.
With five years' experience, they usually earn $55,000 to $70,000.
Those with 10 or more years' experience may earn $70,000 to $82,000.
A third of conservators are self-employed and their income depends on the success of their business.
Source : Museums Aotearoa, 2018.
This information is a guide only. )
What you will do
Conservators may do some or all of the following :
research the history of artworks and items such as ngā taonga tūturu (old Māori objects)
analyse and test items to determine what they are made of, their condition, and how authentic they are
consult curators, owners and iwi about how to treat items
repair and preserve items using physical and chemical treatments
document items' conditions and any conservation work done
advise other staff or collectors on preserving, storing, displaying and transporting items
keep up to date with new developments in conservation.
Skills and knowledge
Conservators need to have an understanding of :
different approaches to the conservation of objects
conservation principles and ethics
the chemistry of materials and how to use chemicals safely
ngā taonga Māori (treasured Māori items).
Conservators also need to have specialist knowledge in their area of interest, and a commitment to ongoing education.
usually work regular business hours, but may sometimes work longer hours to meet deadlines
work in private studios and labs at museums and galleries
work in conditions that may be hazardous, as they work with poisonous chemicals
may travel to visit marae and private collectors
may travel internationally to accompany art works being exhibited around the world.
To become a conservator you need a tertiary qualification in conservation (only available overseas). Employers increasingly prefer candidates with a Master of Arts in conservation.
To enter postgraduate training, you need an undergraduate degree in a subject such as :
cultural heritage studies
Specific conservation qualifications only available overseas
The closest conservation qualifications are offered in Australia a Bachelor's degree at the University of Canberra and a Master's degree at the University of Melbourne.
Various other overseas universities also offer conservation qualifications.
A tertiary entrance qualification is required to enter further training. Useful subjects include English, chemistry, history of arts, history and classical studies, te reo Māori, processing technologies, and painting, sculpture, photography, printmaking combined.
Conservators need to be :
patient and detail-oriented
methodical and organised
accurate and careful, with good judgement as much of their work involves handling irreplaceable items
passionate about their work and the art or items they're responsible for
good researchers, with analytical skills
good writers and communicators
skilled in solving problems and negotiating.
Useful experience for conservators includes :
creating art or making craft items
volunteering or working in museums, art galleries or libraries
conservation technician work
experience relevant to their speciality, such as photography for photographic conservators.
Conservators need to have good eyesight (with or without corrective lenses), good colour vision and good hearing (if they are working with sound recordings).
They also need a good level of fitness and strength, as their work may involve lifting heavy objects.